The Rosary

Praying the Rosary

When to Pray the Mysteries

It is recommended that you meditate on the mysteries of the rosary based upon the days of the week. On Mondays it is suggested that you pray the Joyful Mysteries; on Tuesdays and Fridays, you would  pray the Sorrowful Mysteries; on Thursdays, you would pray the Luminous Mysteries; and on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays, you would pray the Glorious Mysteries.

The Order of Prayers

The rosary begins with the Apostles Creed, followed by one Our Father, three Hail Marys, and a Glory Be. Next come the five decades of the rosary (Each decade includes one Our Father followed by 10 Hail Marys and a Glory Be). Each decade is followed by the Fatima Prayer. The rosary concludes with the Hail Holy Queen (Salve Regina).

Sign of the Cross

In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

The Apostle's Creed

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, Our Lord, Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into Hell; the third day He arose again from the dead; He ascended into Heaven, sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

Our Father

Our Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, full of grace. The Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death, Amen.

Glory Be

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O MY JESUS, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell; lead all souls to Heaven, especially those in most need of Thy mercy. Amen.

Below is a brief listing and description of the mysteries, and the days assigned to praying each set of mysteries.

The Five Joyful Mysteries (Prayed on Mondays)

The Joyful Mysteries focus on the joyful events related to the Incarnation of Jesus Christ.

  • The Annunciation: The Archangel Gabriel "announces" to Mary that she shall conceive the Son of God.
  • The Visitation: Mary visits her cousin Elizabeth, who is pregnant with John the Baptist.
  • The Nativity: Jesus is born in a stable in Bethlehem.
  • The Presentation: Mary and Joseph present the Child Jesus in the Temple where they meet Simeon.
  • The Finding in the Temple: After losing Him, Mary and Joseph find young Jesus teaching in the Temple.

The Five Sorrowful Mysteries (Prayed on Tuesdays and Fridays)

The Sorrowful Mysteries focus on the sorrowful events related to the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ.

  • The Agony in the Garden: Jesus sweats water and blood while praying the night before his passion.
  • The Scourging at the Pillar: Pilate has Jesus whipped.
  • The Crowning with Thorns: Soldiers crown Jesus' head with thorns, mocking Him as King.
  • The Carrying of the Cross: Jesus is given his Cross to carry and falls three times on the way up Calvary.
  • The Crucifixion: Jesus is nailed to the cross and dies.

The Five Luminous Mysteries (Prayed on Thursdays)

The Luminous Mysteries or mysteries of light focus on the life and ministry of Jesus Christ.

  • The Baptism in the Jordan: Jesus, the beloved Son, is baptized by John the Baptist in the river Jordan.
  • The Wedding at Cana: Christ changes water into wine, his first public miracle.
  • The Proclamation of the Kingdom: Jesus calls sinners to conversion..
  • The Transfiguration: The glory of the Godhead shines forth from the face of Christ.
  • The Institution of the Eucharist: Jesus offers the first Mass at the Last Supper with his apostles, establishing the sacramental foundation for all Christian living.

The Five Glorious Mysteries (Prayed on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays)

The Glorious Mysteries focus on the glorious events related to the Resurrection and the reigning of Christ in heaven with Our Lady.

  • The Resurrection: Jesus rises from the dead.
  • The Ascension: Jesus "ascends" to heaven, as the apostles watch.
  • The Descent of the Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit descends upon the apostles gathered in the upper room with Mary.
  • The Assumption: Mary is assumed into heaven by God at the end of her life here on earth.
  • The Coronation: Mary is crowned Queen of Heaven and Earth.

Salve Regina

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of mercy, hail, our life, our sweetness and our hope. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve: to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears. Turn then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus, O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.

V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God.

R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Concluding Prayer

O GOD, WHOSE only-begotten Son by His life, death and resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life; grant, we beseech Thee, that by meditating upon these mysteries of the most holy rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.





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Scripture texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. and are used by permission of the copyright owner. All Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.